If someone you cared about collapsed in front of you, would you know what to do? Would you know how to respond if this person’s skin lost color and their lips turned blue? You can tell your friend isn’t breathing… What now?

In this hypothetical situation, your friend collapsed from sudden cardiac arrest. Unfortunately it is the leading cause of death in the United States. The more unfortunate thing is that this does not have to be the case. Many of the 325,000 who died from sudden cardiac arrest could have been saved if someone around them understood how to do CPR.

CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is something that everyone should know how to do. It helps keep victims of sudden cardiac arrest alive and prevents brain damage while they wait for professional medical treatment. You can save a life without the use of any tools or medications. All you need is yourself. So here are a few tips about CPR that may be a life changer one day. Just remember that these are only tips. You should get a proper certification from an emergency care Las Vegas center.

The Basics

The first thing you should do if you see an unresponsive person in front of you is to tap them on the shoulder. Ask if they are okay. This first step confirms that they are unresponsive and that you should proceed. But before you do, call 9-1-1. Make sure the professionals are on their way as soon as possible.

Now that you’ve determined this person is in need of CPR, you have to decide with method you will use. This is determined by your level of experience with the first-aid technique. If you are untrained in CPR or haven’t done it in a while, it’s probably better for all parties if you use hands only CPR. More experienced practitioners can do compression CPR with rescue breathing.

The Steps

Once the emergency responders are notified, it’s time to check for signs of breathing. If you don’t see the obvious signs of paleness or a slight blue tint, that doesn’t mean they can breath. Just be sure before you begin CPR. You can actually hurt them more if you do the treatment and they don’t need it.

If the victim isn’t breathing, it’s safe to begin. First make sure he or she is on his back on a hard, flat surface. If you need to, carefully roll the person over while you support the neck. Get help if you need to. This step can cause accidental damage if you aren’t careful as well.

Use the C-A-B method.

Circulation is the first part of this method. Here, you begin chest compressions. This is also the hands-only method mentioned earlier. If you have little to no training in CPR, this is all you should attempt. Basically, you are pumping the heart for the victim. This way he or she has less of a chance of getting brain damage from a lack of blood flow to the brain.

1. Get down on your knees close to the victims shoulders. Put the heel of one hand on top of the other and place them both in the middle of his chest. Aim for right between the nipples. Straighten your elbows and line your shoulders up right above your hands.

2. To perform the actual compression, you’ll need all your weight to push the chest down about two inches each time.

3. Push hard. You need enough force to get the heart to beat or you are wasting your time. You also need to move quickly. To be effective, 100 compressions per minute or more is best. If you are an accurate counter, great. If not, sing “Stayin’ Alive” by the Bee Gees. This song has 103 beats per minute so matching your compressions to the beat of the song will give you the perfect pace. If the victim is a baby, use two fingers instead of your hands.

Airway is the second part. You need to clear the victims airways so he or she can breath again.

Finally you need to help their breathing. You will give the victim mouth-to-mouth to help get air in their lungs.

Again, this is just the basics of CPR. To be properly certified, visit an urgent care in Las Vegas and inquire about classes. You never know where you may be when these skills become a life saver. For more information about an urgent care in Las Vegas, contact 702.852.2000.

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