Migraines can cause moderate to severe pain that is pulsing or throbbing, and the pain is often on one side of your head. Additionally, migraines can cause other symptoms such as weakness and nausea as well as sensitivity to light and sound.
What are the Causes?
Research show that some migraines are genetic, but in some sufferers environmental or lifestyle factors might trigger a migraine. These factors include:
- Bright or flashing lights
- Loud noises
- Too much or not enough sleep
- Skipped meals
- Overexertion or too much physical activity
In addition to the genetic link to migraines, you can also be more susceptible to if you have other medical conditions such as depression or sleep disorders or take certain medications.
There are four different phases of a migraine that someone may or may not always experience when suffering from a migraine, each with their own symptoms. These four phases are prodrome, Aara, headache, and postdrome.
- Prodrome – This phase, also known as “preheadache”, you start to experience early signs and symptoms such as food cravings, unexplained mood changes, uncontrollable yawning, and frequent urination.
- Aura – If you experience this phase, you might see bright lights or flashing, and your muscles might feel weak. Aura can happen just before or even during the migraine.
- Headache – This phase is when the migraine occurs. Migraines begin as a typical headache and gradually become more severe, usually causing throbbing pain on one side of your head. However, you can have a migraine without a headache. Common symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and increased pain when you move.
- Postdrome – This phase, also referred to as the “migraine hangover”, begins after the migraine pain has subsided. Common symptoms experienced during this phase include fatigue, dehydration, body aches, and mental “fogginess.”
Migraines tend to be more common in the morning, but others may experience them any time if they’re exposed to one of the migraine triggers listed above.
There are many treatment options to relieve the pain and suffering associated with migraines. At home, you can reduce stress levels, improve your sleep habits, and practice a healthier diet. Additionally, you can take over the counter medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to help reduce the pain.
You should visit a doctor if you experience:
- Frequent or severe migraines
- Migraines that don’t improve with over-the-counter (OTC) medications
- Inability to perform normal activities, such as working or sleeping
At Las Vegas Urgent Care, our doctors will work with you to help determine the cause of your migraines and find a treatment regimen that works for you. Schedule an appointment today by calling (702) 852-2000 or check-in now online via our Quick Pass for a same-day appointment.